GLOBAL AGRICULTURE

Synopsis of politico-scientific networks & information tools

The multitude of studies and assessments on soil fertility issues remind rather to a many-voiced, not exactly harmonious choir. Similarly soil-related networks and information tools represent a juxtaposition of different and sometimes diverging approaches, strategies, interests, and goals. Altogether, availability and volume of knowledge and data during the last two decades has grown significantly. For many problems and issues feasible and substantiated answers and devices are at hand. As part of the digitization of knowledge some technological and/or social-economic hurdles of access remain, especially in countries with poor infrastructure and many poor people. Likewise the trouble of selection and appraisal of information must be managed.

Networks on soils - Peasants, science, corporations & politics

Name Type Scope Members Partners Active since
Global Soil Map http:// www.globalsoil map.net Industry-policyscience network Setting up digital soil maps including prediction of soil properties in fine resolution as basis of global spatial information system. Soil groups, characteristics & distribution (e.g. SWSR 2015, 527-595) Founding members AGRA, Gates Foundation, Australian Government INRA, ISRIC, Columbia University New York, European CommissionC SIRO, USDA/ NRCS 2009
International Soil Conservation Organisation http:// www.tucson.ar s.ag.gov/isco/ Scientific network Promoting conservation and sustainable use of soils, biennial conferences   Scientists, backed by affiliated institutions 1978
International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) http:// www.iuss.org/ index.php? article_id=1 Scientific network Promotion of all branches of soil science, support for soil scientists Individual membership More than 10 scientific journals 1924; since 1993 member of ICSU
Global Soil Partnership http:// www.fao.org/ global-soilpartnership/en/ Comprehen sive CSOpolicy-science network hosted by FAO; regional partnerships, national focal points Improve governance, promote sustainable use of soils. Five pillars of action: Raising awareness, research, soil management, information & data, harmoniza-tion FAO member states Scientific institutions, soil organisations, CSOs, extension services; http:// www.fao.org/ global-soilpartnership/ overview/ partners/en/ 2012
The 4‰ Initiative http:// 4p1000.org/ understand Industry-policyscience-CSOs network, launched by France Promoting sustainable use of soils, i.a. by increasing carbon storage 33 countries, and research institutions, CSOs, private sector   2015
International Soil Reference & Information Centre http:// www.isric.org Scientific institution hosted by Wageningen University Soil data and mapping, application of soil data in development issues, education & training Founded by International Soil Science Society and UNICEF, since 1989 World Data Centre for Soils with ICSU Cooperation i.a. with UN institutions, conventions such as UNCCD, GSP, WOCAT World Soil Information 1966, World Data Centre for Soils 1989
Economics of Land Degradation Initiative (ELD) http:// www.eldinitiative.org Policy-science network Costs and benefits from prevention of land degradation German government, European Commission UN agencies, environmental institutes, CGIAR, IUCN, universities 2012
European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC) http:// eusoils.jrc.ec.e uropa.eu EU scientific institution Provision of soil data for Europe and global, International cooperation Joint Research Centre of the EU (JRC) Sino-EU Panel on Land and Soils, International Union of Soil Societies, European Soil Bureau Network -2006
Agricultural & Rural Convention (ARC 2020) http:// www.arc2020. eu Alliance of NGOs Greening the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the EU, promoting sustainable agriculture Agriculture and environment NGOs, umbrella organizations   2010
FarmerScientistPartnership for Development (MASIPAG) http:// masipag.org Cooperative network of farmers, scientists, local communities, scientists Sustainable food production, improve the livelihoods of resource poor family farms, preserve rice land races, develop impro ved varieties 563 peoples’s organizations 38 NGO partners, 20 church-based development organizations, 15 scientistpartners 1985
World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP) http:// www.iucn.org/ theme/ ecosystemmanagement/ our-work/ globaldrylandsinitiative/iucnswork-drylands/ world-initiative Network of more than 1200 pastoralists, UN agencies, CSOs, hosted by IUCN Share and communi-cate knowledge, foster research, promote global advocacy Pastoralist's organizations, NGOs, IUCN, scientific institutions, international organisations, businesses   2013
Family Farming Knowledge Platform http:// www.fao.org/ family-farming/ en/ CSO-farmers organizationspolicy-science network Support for family farms, knowledge & exchange of experience, best practi ces; five main thematic focusses: agroecology, forest farming, indigenous peoples, mountain farming, pastoralism, small family farming, smallscale fisheries and aquaculture Hosted by FAO Universities, research organizations, regional farmers organizations, UN agencies, WB et al. 2015
La Via Campesina https:// viacampesina.o rg/en International umbrella organization of peasant movements Platform for exchange between peasants organizations, political advocacy for peasant & family farming 164 local and national organisations in 73 countries from Africa, Asia, Europe, the Americas; represents about 200 million farmers   1993
Global Soil Week, Global Soil Forum, Soil & Land Network for Change http:// globalsoilweek. org/# CSO-policyscience network Promote sustainable use of soils and land, transdiscipli nary research hosted by IASS, Germany European Commission, German Government, FAO, giz, German Environment Agency, International Union of Soil Science, UNCCD, UNEP 2015
World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT) https:// www.wocat.ne t CSO-policyscience network Promotion of innovations and decisionmaking processes in sustainable land management including soil, water, vegetation, and animals; global onlina database on technologies, approaches & mapping More than 60 participating institutions Swiss Agency for Development & Cooperation, University of Bern, FAO, ISRIC, giz, CIAT, ICARDA, ICIMOD, University of Kwazulu-Natal; many national and regional initiatives in Africa, Asia, and Europe; tight cooperation with UNCCD 1992
World Association of Soil and Water Conservation (WASWAC) http:// www.waswac. org/index.asp Scientific network Promotion of research and cooperation on soil and water conservation 1125 individual members from 82 countries Governmental & scientific institutions, i.a. WASER, IRTCES, Chinese Society of Soil & Water Conservation, IECA  
Global Soil Organic Carbon Map http:// www.fao.org/ world-soil-day/ global-soilorganiccarbon-map/ en/ Science-policy cooperation Improve the empirical data base for political decisionmaking   Hosted by FAO, in cooperation with GSP & IPTS, supported by EC, governments of The Netherlands, Switzerland, Russian Federation, International Fertilizer Association Version 1 launched on World Soil Day 2017

 

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